Ensure your dog has a warm and dry shelter to retreat to. A doghouse or insulated shed can protect them from cold winds and precipitation. Make sure the shelter is raised off the ground to prevent moisture from seeping in.
Place warm and comfortable bedding inside your dog's shelter. Blankets, straw, or heated pet beds can provide insulation from the cold ground and keep them cozy.
For dogs with shorter fur or those that are more susceptible to the cold, consider using doggy sweaters, jackets, or booties to protect them from the elements. These can help maintain their body heat.
Minimize the time your dog spends outside during extremely cold weather. Shorten walks and playtime and try to schedule them during the warmest parts of the day.
Be vigilant for signs of hypothermia or frostbite, such as shivering, lethargy, or discolored skin. If you notice any of these symptoms, bring your dog inside and contact your veterinarian.
Proper nutrition is important to help your dog generate body heat. Ensure they have access to fresh, unfrozen water and feed them balanced meals to maintain their energy levels.
Keep your dog's fur clean and well-groomed. A clean coat can provide better insulation and reduce the risk of frostbite. However, avoid excessive bathing during the winter, as it can dry out their skin.
On days when the weather is too harsh for outdoor activities, engage your dog in indoor exercises, games, and mental stimulation to help burn off energy and keep them mentally stimulated.